In case OS has not completed working with files correctly, it can result in file system errors and also file system corruption. In order to resolve these errors in Windows it is suggested that you use built-in command-line utility – Chkdsk.
This article will help you learn methods that would help test HDD/ file systems for any errors and also if there are any corrupt sectors and resolve them on Windows 10.
Check hard drive via File Explorer
The simplest method to with local disk check in your Windows 10 is to utilize – File Explorer.
Just run it,
Head to – This PC and right click the hard drive you want to check
Choose – Properties
Go to the tab- Tools tab and then click the button – Check
This will give you a message saying you are not required to scan the drive now. Still, you can start a force drive scan using the button- Scan drive.
CHKDSK to check Hard Drive Error
Generally when you run Chkdsk command except any parameters in your Windows 10, it will show the status of the current disk and simply will not resolve any errors that may exists on the partition.
To fix the errors existing on your disk you need to tell the drive letter & parameters. Ideally, it’s like to check your E:\, you need to use the command given below:
chkdsk e: /f /r /x
/f – means Chkdsk utility needs to resolve the errors searched
/r – it is essential to identify bad sectors present on the disk and restore the stored information
/x – for un mounting drive prior to initiating the scanning process.
Note: Chkdsk command should work to lock your disk. In case disk is external or not a boot drive device, then Chkdsk process will begin immediately post command run. In case drive is bootable or running programs currently that are using disk, then system will prompt you to run volume check when you carry out system boot next time.
“Chkdsk can not run because the volume in use by another process” ” Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)”
Here you need to press- Y and then restart your PC and now the check disk will continue to run without displaying Windows welcome screen.
Once the PC is restarted you will get the message – Scanning and repairing drive (c :): xx% complete and you will get the Chkdsk status too.
For NTFS volume it is possible that you can choose to run offline drive repair with the command:
chkdsk C: /f /offlinescanandfix
The use of CHKDSK command can take little more time in case the check is carried out on a large disk. Once the process finishes, you will get the summary report. The summary includes the details of full disk volume and also the errors found and resolved. This way you can utilize CHKDSK command in Windows to check the drives.